ISSN: 2306-5737E-ISSN: 2658-4069
Acta Linguistica Petropolitana
Transactions of the Institute for Linguistic Studies
ISSN: 2306-5737E-ISSN: 2658-4069
Acta Linguistica Petropolitana
Transactions of the Institute for Linguistic Studies 

Valency change of English verbs

PDF, 876.01 kb
Yulikova N. M. Izmeneniye valentnosti angliyskikh glagolov. Acta Linguistica Petropolitana. 2020. XVI(3): 837–880.

Many valency studies focus on typical valency configurations, because they rely on dictionaries as their main data source. This paper focuses on both texts and dictionaries, with the former chosen as the main information resource. This paper builds on the theory of structural and functional syntax and views valency as a syntactic property of verbs disclosed in sentences through basic syntactic units or syntaxemes demonstrating specific syntactic meanings and a range of distinctive features. Thus, the syntactic locative category embraces syntaxemes of two of the three functional classes with substantive and qualificative properties that, in their turn, represent syntactic categories as well. Therefore, one can say that the syntactic locative category interacts with the syntactic categories of substantiality and qualificativity.Verbs with the same locative valencies and common lexical semantics can combine in valency groups. There are valency groups comprising verbs with varying valency properties such as verbs of motion, speech, etc. The cases of use of certain syntaxemes with verbs can be either frequent or have low frequency of occurrence. Such occasional changes in verbs’ valency, i.e. in their syntactic properties, can be described as “syntactic shifts”. These valency changes of verbs play the role of structural signals, acting in some cases as formal indicators of the text’s discreteness, and in some cases as its integrators. Syntactic shifts can be markers of the beginning of a paragraph and the end of a paragraph (indicators of discreteness), and also occur in the middle of a paragraph, playing the role of semantic peaks (acting as integrators). The article shows that low-frequency elements considered peripheral can play an important role in text formation. The specific method of analysis applied in this paper reveals instances of discursive use of the syntactic locative category.

discourse, language levels, locativity, syntaxeme, syntactic categories, structural and functional syntax, syntactic shifts, valency
Andreyev 2002
S. N. Andreyev. Sopostavitelnyy analiz tekstov metodom diskriminantnogo analiza [Benchmarking texts by the method of discriminant analysis]. S. N. Andreyev, L. A. Kuzmin (еds.). Mnogomernyy analiz v lingvistike [Multidimensional Analysis in Linguistics]. Smolensk: Smolensk State Pedagogical University Press, 2002. P. 27–36.
Apresyan 2006
Yu. D. Apresyan. Tipy sootvetstviya semanticheskikh i sintaksicheskikh aktantov [Types of correspondence of semantic and syntactic actants]. V. S. Khrakovskiy, S. Yu. Dmitrenko, N. M. Zaika (еds.). Problemy tipologii i obshchey lingvistiki [Problems of typology and general linguistics]. St. Petersburg: Nestor-Istoriya, 2006. P. 15–27.
Benveniste 1974
É. Benveniste. Obshchaya lingvistika. [Problems in general linguistics]. Moscow: Progress, 1974.
Bod 1995
R. Bod. Enriching Linguistics with Statistics: Performance Models of Natural Language. PhD thesis. Amsterdam: Institute for Logic, Language and Computation, Universiteit van Amsterdam, 1995. P. 146–162.
Busse 1974
W. Busse. Klasse, Transitivität, Valenz. München: Finck, 1974.
Croft 2003
W. Croft. Typology and Universals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Croft 2007
W. Croft. Construction grammar. D. Geeraerts, H. Cuyckens (eds.). Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007. P. 463–508.
Cruse 1986
D. A. Cruse. Lexical semantics (Cambridge textbooks in linguistics). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.
Crystal 2008
D. Crystal. A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. 6th ed. Oxford: Blackwell, 2008.
Dressler 1978
W. Dressler. Sintaksis teksta [Textsyntax]. T. M. Nikolayeva (ed.) Novoe v zarubezhnoy lingvistike [New in foreign linguistics]. Iss. 8. Moscow: Progress, 1978. P. 111–137.
Emons 1974
R. Emons. Valenzen englischer Prädikatsverben. Tubingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag, 1974.
Gak 1996
V. G. Gak. Funktsionalno-semanticheskoye pole predikatov lokalizatsii [Functional-semantic field of localization predicates]. A. V. Bondarko (ed.). Teoriya funktsionalnoy grammatiki. Lokativnost. Bytiynost. Posessivnost. Obuslovlennost [The theory of functional grammar. Lokativity. Beingness. Possession. Conditionality]. St. Petersburg: Nauka, 1996. P. 6–26.
Galperin 1981
I. R. Galperin. Tekst kak obyekt lingvisticheskogo issledovaniya [Text as an object of linguistic study]. Moscow: Nauka, 1981.
Goldberg 1995
A. E. Goldberg. Constructions. A Construction Grammar Approach to Argument Structure. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1995.
Goldberg 2006
A. E. Goldberg. Constructions at work: The nature of generalization in language. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.
Goncharova, Shishkina 2005
E. A. Goncharova, I. P. Shishkina. Interpretatsiya teksta. Nemetskiy yazyk [Interpreting the text. German]. Moscow: Vys­shaya shkola, 2005.
Groot 1949
A. W. de Groot. Structurele syntaxis. Den Haag: Servire, 1949.
Gundel et al. 1986
J. K. Gundel, K. Houlihan, G. A. Sanders. Markedness and Distribution in Phonology and Syntax. F. R. Eckman, E. A. Moravcsik, J. R. Wirth (eds.). Markedness. Boston, MA: Springer, 1986.
Haspelmath, Müller-Bardey 2004
M. Haspelmath, T. Müller-Bardey. Valency change. G. Booij, Ch. Lehmann, Jo. Mugdan (eds.). Morphology: A Handbook on Inflection and Word Formation. Vol. 2 (Handbücher zur Sprach und Kommunikationswissenschaft). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2004. P. 1130–1145.
Helbig 1992
G. Helbig. Probleme der Valenz- und Kausustheorie. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag, 1992.
Herbst 1983
T. Herbst. Untersuchungen zur Valenz englischer Adjektive und ihrer Nominalisierungen. Tübingen: Narr, 1983.
Herbst 1999
T. Herbst. English Valency Structures: A First Sketch. Erfurt Electronic Studies in English. 1999. Available at: (accessed on 24.08.2020).
Herbst 2015
T. Herbst. Why Construction Grammar Catches the Worm and Corpus Data can Drive you Crazy: Accounting for Idiomatic and Non-Idiomatic Idiomaticity. Journal of Social Sciences. 2015. Vol. 11. Iss. 3. P. 91–110.
Herbst, Götz-Votteler 2007
T. Herbst, K. Götz-Votteler (eds.). Valency: Theoretical, Descriptive and Cognitive Issues (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs 187). Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 2007.
Hocket 1958
Ch. F. Hocket. A Course in Modern Linguistics. New York: Macmillan, 1958.
Kasevich 1988
V. B. Kasevich. Semantika. Sintaksis. Morfologiya. [Semantics. Syntax. Morphology]. Moscow: Nauka, 1988.
Kasevich 2014
V. B. Kasevich. Yellipsis i pro-drop [Ellipsis and pro-drop]. Acta Linguistica Petropolitana. Trudy Instituta lingvisticheskikh issledovaniy. 2014. Vol. X. Pt. 3. P. 315–323.
Katsnelson 1948
S. D. Katsnelson. O grammaticheskoy kategorii [On the grammatical category]. Vestnik Leningradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 1948. No. 2. P. 114–134.
Khrakovskiy 1974
V. S. Khrakovskiy. Passivnyye konstruktsii [Passive constructions]. A. A. Kholodovich (ed.). Tipologiya passivnykh konstruktsiy [Typology of passive contructions]. Leningrad: Nauka, 1974. P. 5–45.
Khrakovskiy 2012
V. S. Khrakovskiy. Verbotsentricheskiy podkhod k konstruktsiyam i (ili) grammatika konstruktsiy [Verbotcentric approach to structures and (or) the grammar of constructions]. Yu. D. Apresyan, I. M. Boguslavskiy, L. Vanner, L. L. Iomdin, Ya. Milichevich, M.-K. L. Omm, A. Polger (eds.). Smysly, teksty i drugiye zakhvatyvayushchiye syuzhety. Sbornik statey v chest 80-letiya Igorya Aleksandrovicha Melchuka [Senses, texts and other captivating plots. Collection of articles in honor of the 80th anniversary of Igor Alexandrovich Melchuk]. Moscow: Yazyki slavyanskikh kultur, 2012. P. 288–300.
Khrakovskiy 2014
V. S. Khrakovskiy. Dva podkhoda k analizu sintaksicheskikh konstruktsiy: «leksiko-semanticheskiy» i «konstruktsionnyy» (opyt sopostavleniya) [Two approaches to the analysis of syntactic constructions: “lexical semantic” and “constructional” (an essay in comparison)]. Acta Linguistica Petropolitana. Trudy Instituta lingvisticheskikh issledovaniy. 2014. Vol. X. Pt. 2. P. 25–40.
Kolshanskiy 1984
G. V. Kolshanskiy. Kommunikativnaya funktsiya i struktura yazyka [Communicative function and the structure of the language]. Mosсow: Nauka, 1984.
Leech 1974
G. Leech. Semantics. Harmondsworth, England: Penguin Books, 1974.
Levin 1993
B. Levin. English Verb Classes and Alternations. A Preliminary Investigation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.
Lohndal 2014
T. Lohndal. Phrase structure and argument structure: A case study of the syntax–semantics interface (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics 49). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.
Lyons 1977
Lyons 1977 J. Lyons. Semantics. Vol. 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977.
Matthews 2007
P. Matthews. The scope of valency in grammar. T. Herbst, K. Götz-­Votteler (eds.). Valency: Theoretical, Descriptive and Cognitive Issues (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs 187). Berlin; New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 2007.
Moskalskaya 1981
O. I. Moskalskaya. Grammatika teksta [Text Grammar]. Moscow: Vysshaya shkola, 1981.
Mukhin 1960
A. M. Mukhin. Metod strukturnogo analiza sintaksicheskikh yavleniy [The method of structural analysis of syntactical phenomena]. Tezisy dokladov na soveshchanii yazykovedov vuzovskikh i akademicheskikh uchrezhdeniy po teoreticheskim voprosam sintaksisa [Abstracts of reports at the meeting of linguists of university and academic institutions on theoretical issues of syntax]. Moscow: S. n., 1960. P. 10.
Mukhin 1964
A. M. Mukhin. Funktsionalnyy analiz sintaksicheskikh yelementov (na materiale drevneangliyskogo yazyka) [Functional analysis of syntactic elements (on the material of the Old English language)]. Moscow; Leningrad: Nauka, 1964.
Mukhin 1980
A. M. Mukhin. Sintaksemnyy analiz i problema urovney yazyka [Syntaxeme analysis and the problem of language levels]. Leningrad: Nauka, 1980.
Mukhin 1987a
A. M. Mukhin. Valentnost i sochetayemost glagolov [Valency and compatibility of verbs]. Voprosy yazykoznaniya. 1987. No. 6. P. 52–64.
Mukhin 1987b
A. M. Mukhin. Sistemnyye otnosheniya perekhodnykh glagolnykh leksem (Na materiale angliyskogo i russkogo yazyka) [System relationships of transitive verbal lexemes (On the material of English and Russian)]. Leningrad: Nauka, 1987.
Mukhin 1995
A. M. Mukhin. Variantnost sintaksicheskikh yedinits [Variation of syntactic units]. St. Petersburg: Nauka, 1980.
Mukhin 1999а
A. M. Mukhin. Strukturnyy i funktsionalnyy sintaksis predlozheniya [Structural and functional sentence syntax]. Lingvisticheskiye issledovaniya 1998 [Linguistic research 1998]. St. Petersburg: Institute for Linguistic Studies, 1999. P. 110–117.
Mukhin 1999b
A. M. Mukhin. Funktsionalnyy sintaksis [Functional syntax]. St. Petersburg: Nauka, 1999.
Mukhin 2004
A. M. Mukhin. Yeksperiment i modelirovaniye v lingvistike: Strukturnyy sintaksis predlozheniya [Experiment and modeling in linguistics: Structural syntax of a sentence]. St. Petersburg: Nauka, 2004.
Plungyan 2008
V. A. Plungyan. Diskurs i grammatika [Discourse and grammar]. V. A. Plungyan, V. Yu. Gusev, A. Yu. Urmanchiyeva (eds.). Issledovaniya po teorii grammatiki. Vyp. 4: Grammaticheskiye kategorii v diskurse [Reseach in the theory of grammar. Iss. 4. Grammatical categories in discourse]. Moscow: Gnozis, 2008. P. 7–31.
Plungyan 2011
V. A. Plungyan. Vvedeniye v grammaticheskuyu semantiku: grammaticheskiye znacheniya i grammaticheskiye sistemy yazykov mira [Introduction into grammatical semantics: grammatical meanings and grammatical systems of the languages of the world.] Moscow: Russian State University for the Humanities Press, 2011.
Przepiórkowski 2018
A. Przepiórkowski. The origin of the valency metaphor in linguistics. Lingvisticæ Investigationes. 2018. Vol. 41. Iss. 1. P. 152–159.
Shcherba 2002
L. V. Shcherba. O vtorostepennykh chlenakh predlozheniya [On the secondary parts of speech]. M. I. Matusevich (ed.). Izbrannyye raboty po yazykoznaniyu i fonetike [Selected papers on linguistics and phonetics]. St. Petersburg State University Publishing House, 1958. P. 92–103.
Shustova, Smirnova 2015
S. V. Shustova, E. A. Smirnova. Glagolnaya valentnost kak semantiko-grammaticheskaya kategoriya [Verb valence as semantic-grammar category]. Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. 2015. Iss. 4. P. 2–29.
Silnitskiy 1974
G. G. Silnitskiy. Semanticheskiye i valentnostnyye klassy angliyskikh kauzativnykh glagolov [Semantic and Valence classes of English causative verbs]. Author’s abstract of phil. doct. diss. Leningrad: Institute of Linguistics of the Academy of Sciences of USSR, 1974.
Somers 1984
H. L. Somers. On the validity of the complement—adjunct distinction in valency grammar. Linguistics. 1984. Vol. 22. Iss. 4. P. 507–530.
Tesnière 1953
L. Tesnière. Esquisse d’une Syntaxe Structurale. Paris : Klincksieck, 1953.
Tesnière 1959
L. Tesnière. Éléments de Syntaxe Structurale. Paris : Klincksieck, 1959.
Testelets 2001
Ya. G. Testelets. Vvedeniye v obshchiy sintaksis. [Introduction into general syntax]. Moscow: Russian State University for the Humanities Press, 2001.
Trubetzkoy 2000
N. S. Trubetzkoy. Osnovy fonologii [Principles of Phonology]. Moscow: Aspekt-Progress, 2000.
Uspenskiy 1970
B. A. Uspenskiy. Problema universaliy v yazykoznanii [The problem of universals in linguistics]. B. A. Uspenskiy (ed.). Novoye v lingvistike. Vyp. 5. (Yazykovyye universalii) [New in linguistics. Iss. 5. (Language universals)]. Moscow: Progress, 1970.
Uspenskiy 1997
B. A. Uspenskiy. Otnosheniya podsistem v yazyke i svyazannyye s nim universalii [The relationship of the subsystems in the language and the associated universals]. B. A. Uspenskiy. Izbrannyye trudy [Selected works]. Vol. 3. Moscow: Shkola “Yazyki russkoy kultury”, 1997. P. 34–57.
Uzdinskaya 1972
E. N. Uzdinskaya. Sintaksicheskaya valentnost glagolov sovremennogo angliyskogo yazyka [Syntactic valency of modern English verbs]: Author’s abstract of phil. cand. diss. Kalinin: Kalinin State University, 1972.
Yulikova 1996
N. M. Yulikova. O distributivnykh sintaksemakh v angliyskom yazyke [Distributive syntaxemes in English]. A. P. Sytov (ed.). Leksikologiya, leksikografiya, grammatika. Lingvisticheskiye issledovaniya 1995 [Lexicology, lexicography, grammar. Linguistic research 1995]. St. Petersburg: Institute for Linguistic Studies, 1996. P. 149–153.
Zolotova 1988
G. A. Zolotova. Sintaksicheskiy slovar slovar. Repertuar yelementarnykh yedinits russkogo sintaksisa [The syntaxeme dictionary. The repertoire of elementary units of Russian syntax]. Moscow: Nauka, 1988.
discourse, language levels, locativity, syntaxeme, syntactic categories, structural and functional syntax, syntactic shifts, valency
E-Library.ruScopusCrossRefCyberLeninkaVAKERIH Plus