ISSN: 2306-5737E-ISSN: 2658-4069
Acta Linguistica Petropolitana
Transactions of the Institute for Linguistic Studies
ISSN: 2306-5737E-ISSN: 2658-4069
Acta Linguistica Petropolitana
Transactions of the Institute for Linguistic Studies 

Plural agreement in Udi

Maysak T. A. Soglasovaniye po mnozhestvennomu chisluv udinskom yazyke. Acta Linguistica Petropolitana. 680.
Within the person agreement system of Udi (Lezgic branch of the East Caucasian family), six person-number values are distinguished, including separate markers for the 3rd person singular and the 3rd person plural. The agreement is controlled by the subject, i.e. the agent of a transitive verb or the single core argument of an intransitive verb. At the same time, it is quite common to have singular agreement in the 3rd person even if the subject is a plural noun phrase. The paper, based mainly on the modern text corpus available for the Nizh dialect of Udi, presents a discussion of those conditions that are commonly mentioned in the literature in the context of optional number marking: these are, in particular, animacy of the subject, its topicality (or, to the contrary, focalization), its degree of agentivity, etc. It is also shown that optional control of plural agreement is attested with certain types of semantically plural subjects without any formal plural marking, e.g. noun phrases modified by numerals or quantifiers ‘all’ and ‘many’, coordinated phrases, as well as elliptical or zero subjects. Special conditions for plural agreement are also typical of other languages of the area, which are genetically unrelated to Udi (in particular, Persian and Azeri); it is thus cannot be excluded that the optionality of plural agreement in Udi is a contact-induced phenomenon.
person agreement, plural, animacy, agentivity, topicality, Udi, language contact
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person agreement, plural, animacy, agentivity, topicality, Udi, language contact
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