Interrogativity in Bashkir
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This paper describes the grammatical markers and other relevant elements that are used in different types of interrogative sentences in Bashkir. The study is based on the data collected in the villages of Rakhmetovo and Baimovo, Abzelilovsky district of Bashkortostan. The main grammatical interrogative marker, the enclitic particle =mE, is used in polar questions (where it normally attaches to the predicate), and in alternative questions (where it in most cases attaches to each of the coordinated constituents). Content questions do not contain the particle, but use different interrogative words (mostly in situ). A number of tag-like and particle-like markers can be used to form biased questions. Separately, the marking of several special types of questions is described, including non-standard illocutionary types (“deliberative”, permissive, hortative), echo questions, and embedded questions. Intonation patterns are described for polar, alternative, and content questions, and also for echo questions.
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